HomeNewsThe IMF and Subsidies

The IMF and Subsidies

IMF na natija ahaz kiya ka subsidies ke koe capacity baqi nahi ha.

Export karne wale province ko subsidies day kar regional satah par Energy faraham karna hamesha aik challenge tha. Ab yeh aik aur bhi mushkil kaam ban gaya hai. Energy ki qeematein ziyada hain. Jis ka matlab subsidies ki ziyada zaroorat hai. Bain-al-aqwami maliyati fund (IMF) ke sath aik muahiday ke mutabiq, taham, zimni grants ki koi gunjaish nahi hai.

Textile industry pooray maali saal ke liye bijli 9 percent fi unit aur gas 9 dollar fi MMBTU ke hisaab se dainay ka demand kar rahi hai. Kabeena ki ECC (Economic Coordination Committee) budget mein jo paish kash ki gayi thi is par qaim rehna chahti thi. Wazeer-e-Azam sanat ko mazboot wabastagi faraham karne par zor day rahay hain taakay baraamdaat ki sharah mutasir nah ho. Lekin wizarat khazana ke hath bandhay hue hain. Inhen akhrajaat mein adjustment karna partee hai. Ya izafi revenue iqdamaat ki nishandahi karni partee hai taakay subsidies jari ki jaye gi.

Maazi mein, Supplementary grants ke incidents itnay ziyada thay ke maliyati tawazun ko bigaar den. IMF Nazam-o-zabt chahta hai aur aisay problems samnay arhay hain. Sab se pehlay, Pakistan muslim league Nawaz (PMLN) ki rehnuma Maryam Nawaz ke awaami mutalbe par ‘fixed tax’ wapas lena para. Cigrette par FED (federal excise duty ) mein izafah kar ke 30-40 billion rupay ke farq ko poora karne ka mansoobah hai.

Ab exports ko 9 senate fi unit bijli faraham karne ke farq se hukoomat ko 80 arab rupay ka nuqsaan pounchanay ka imkaan hai. Yeh kahan se aaye ga? IMF ke 7 se 8 reviews ke liye board ka ijlaas 24 August ko honay ka imkaan hai. Es ke liye hukoomat ko 24 August tak ya is se pehlay IMF ki Conditions ke mutabiq sakhti se per annum budget ko theek karne ya nai shakal dainay ki zaroorat hai.

Yeh mumkina tabdeelian Taxation aur un ke mutaliqa tabdeelian yakeeni tor par IMF ki razamandi  se conditional hon gi.

Waqt naazuk hai. Hukoomat ko Exporting sector ki demand par apna zehen banana hoga. Kyunkay hukoomat traders ke dabao ke samnay jhuk kar pehlay hi back foot par hai. Lekin jaisa bhi ho, Exporting sector ki demands kaafi wazan rakhti hain. Woh ilaqai satah par competition tawanai ki rates bain al aqwami markets mein competition rehne ki khwahish rakhtay hain. Sawal yeh hai ke is region ke rate kya honay chahiye? Pakistan ka asal hareef Bangladesh hai, jisay bhi exports engravedke dabao ka saamna hai. Jo hukoomat se prevalent rates par bijli faraham karne ka mutalba karte hain.

Bangladesh ne domestic sarfeen ki bijli ke rates mein big scale par nazar sani ki hai. Difficult dinon mein IMF se help demand raha hai. Es liye Bangladesh ki ravani ki situation ke paish-e-nazar Pakistan mein saal bhar ke liye subsidies dena danishmandi nahi hai. Pakistan mein industry gas aur bijli dono par subsidies ka mutalba kar rahi hai. Hukoomat ka subsidies par ghor kiya ja sakta hai.

Traditional tor par hukumat ka Suspended tha ke sanat ko bijli par subsidies milni chahiye. Taham, sanat ka dawa hai ke cogeneration facilities mein sirf gas ko steam peda karne ke liye istemal kiya ja sakta hai aur yeh intehai effect hai. Gas sirf cogeneration sahuliyat ke liye dastyab honi chahiye. Baqi captive power plants ke liye nahi honi chahiye.

Related: The Pakistan-IMF agreement is edging closer to completion

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